What is the difference between white paper and research paper

Earlier in the year, the White House Council of Economic Advisers released a white paper discussing healthcare costs and policy options for reforming drug pricing.

difference between working paper and research paper

As always, we urge journalists to use care in selecting any research to ground their coverage and fact-check claims.

In government[ edit ] The term white paper originated with the British governmentand many point to the Churchill White Paper of as the earliest well-known example under this name.

white paper template

In the business world, white papers also are used for marketing purposes — to describe a new product or approach, for instance, or diagnose a problem. Election Assistance Commission authored a white paper on election technology. And some may rely on incomplete research or research that has not been peer reviewed.

White paper structure

Looking for more guidance on writing about research? This type is best used to get attention with new or provocative views, or cast aspersions on competitors. Publishing a white paper tests public opinion on controversial policy issues and helps the government gauge its probable impact. Two others are much less well established: A blue paper sets out technical specifications of a technology or item of equipment. These white papers are long-form content designed to promote the products or services from a specific company. How are they different? Several variations on the colour theme exist: The green paper is a proposal or consultative document rather than being authoritative or final. White papers are considered to be a form of content marketing or inbound marketing ; in other words, sponsored content available on the web with or without registration, intended to raise the visibility of the sponsor in search engine results and thus build web traffic. By Denise-Marie Ordway May 3, Journalists rely on three types of research papers most often in their work: White papers, working papers and peer-reviewed journal articles. It is synonymous to the more widely used term preprint. Numbered list: Presents a set of tips, questions, or points about a certain business issue. They may also present research findings, list a set of questions or tips about a certain business issue, or highlight a particular product or service from a vendor.

Below, we explain each, pointing out its strengths and weaknesses. Even so, working papers are a great way for journalists to gain access to new research quickly. In business-to-business marketing[ edit ] Since the early s, the term "white paper", or "whitepaper", has been applied to documents used as marketing or sales tools in business.

The peer-review and publication process can take months to a year or longer, which means that by the time studies get published, their findings are sometimes not as useful or relevant and the data are old. Publishing a white paper tests public opinion on controversial policy issues and helps the government gauge its probable impact.

White paper format

Many B2B white papers argue that one particular technology , product or method is superior to others for solving a specific business problem. White paper A white paper is generally a report that outlines a complex issue and sometimes also explores possible solutions to a problem. B2B business-to-business white papers are often used to generate sales leads, establish thought leadership , make a business case, or inform and persuade prospective customers, channel partners, journalists, analysts, or investors. Election Assistance Commission authored a white paper on election technology. This type is best used to get attention with new or provocative views, or cast aspersions on competitors. Numbered list: Presents a set of tips, questions, or points about a certain business issue. In government[ edit ] The term white paper originated with the British government , and many point to the Churchill White Paper of as the earliest well-known example under this name.

White paper A white paper is generally a report that outlines a complex issue and sometimes also explores possible solutions to a problem.

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White papers, working papers, research articles: What's the difference?