Common knowledge research paper
The answer is probably no, for it is doubtful that the average American student would readily know those facts without needing to consult an authoritative source I had to look up the answers. One hurts a grade, one hurts academic careers.
Who is my reader and what can I assume they know? For example.
In your paper, you mention the fact that George Washington was the first president of the United States and that the Declaration of Independence was signed in the year Brookings Metropolitan Opportunity Series.
What can I assume they already know? But here is where things become tricky: As you write papers in college and move deeper into your field of study, what counts as common knowledge becomes much less clear.
Paraphrasing common knowledge
If it is a foundational fact that everyone in the field agrees on, it is probably common knowledge. If in doubt, you should consult your supervisor, professor or department. Principles of Polymer Chemistry. The answer is probably no, for it is doubtful that the average American student would readily know those facts without needing to consult an authoritative source I had to look up the answers. Is this article helpful? However, suppose that in the same paper you must identify the 23rd president, his running mate, and the main platform under which they were running for office, plus the year they both assumed power. If the specific facts and figures we are discussing are assumed to be known by the readership, then one need not provide a citation. It would, indeed, be shocking to find a neuroscientist or biomedical researcher who was not familiar with those fundamental concepts. Often, common knowledge does not need to be cited.
This includes: Information that most people know, such as that water freezes at 32 degrees Fahrenheit or that Barack Obama was the first American of mixed race to be elected president.
The point, then, is to think about your audience: What has been said in the class or repeated in textbooks and other sources often enough to suggest that it is common knowledge within the discipline?
However, once you leave behind the most basic information, it gets more and more difficult to determine what is and is not common knowledge.
Will I be asked where I obtained my information?
Recognizing common knowledge in mla papers
To that end, following the rules above can help greatly in determining what is and is not common knowledge though. It would, indeed, be shocking to find a neuroscientist or biomedical researcher who was not familiar with those fundamental concepts. However, you found the information in just one source, be sure to cite it. The date of an obscure battle would likely require citation, unless the work is directed at experts in that time period. This is information that would not be known to the average reader, who would want to know where the figure was obtained. Should such material be considered common knowledge? How do I determine if the information I am using is common knowledge? Note: This equation is specific to the thermodynamics of macromolecular structures and would not be considered common knowledge by many scientists or engineers. The scientific method is usually applied in cases involving phenomena associated with astronomy, mathematics, physics, and the general laws of nature. References to studies done by others.
What can I assume they already know? As an example, this type of information may include the temperature in which water freezes or boils. If yes, it is probably common knowledge.
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